Anti-Israel Sentiment Predicts Anti-Semitism in Europe by Edward H. Kaplan and Charles A. Small, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 50, No. 4, 548-561 (2006), August 2006

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Edward H. Kaplan

School of Management, Yale University; Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine, Yale University; Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yale University

Charles A. Small

Institute for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University, Institute for the Study of Global Antisemitism and Policy

In the discourse surrounding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,extreme criticisms of Israel (e.g., Israel is an apartheidstate,theIsraelDefenseForcesdeliberatelytargetPalestiniancivilians),coupledwith extreme policy proposals (e.g., boycott of Israeli academicsand institutions, divest from companies doing business withIsrael), have sparked counterclaims that such criticisms areanti-Semitic (for only Israel is singled out). The researchin this article shines a different, statistical light on thisquestion: based on a survey of 500 citizens in each of 10 Europeancountries, the authors ask whether those individuals with extremeanti-Israel views are more likely to be anti-Semitic. Even aftercontrolling for numerous potentially confounding factors, theyfind that anti-Israel sentiment consistently predicts the probabilitythat an individual is anti-Semitic, with the likelihood of measuredanti-Semitism increasing with the extent of anti-Israel sentimentobserved.

Key Words: anti-Semitism • anti-Israel sentiment • anti-Zionism • European attitudes • conditional probability • Anti-Defamation League

Read this article online at: http://www.h- net.org/~ antis/papers/ jcr_antisemitism .pdf

Anti-Israel Sentiment Predicts Anti-Semitism in Europe by Edward H. Kaplan and Charles A. Small, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 50, No. 4, 548-561 (2006), August 2006

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Scholars for Peace in the Middle East (SPME) is not-for-profit [501 (C) (3)], grass-roots community of scholars who have united to promote honest, fact-based, and civil discourse, especially in regard to Middle East issues. We believe that ethnic, national, and religious hatreds, including anti-Semitism and anti-Israelism, have no place in our institutions, disciplines, and communities. We employ academic means to address these issues.

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