Judith Jacobson: SPME– Promoting Scholarship: Personal Reflections

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Here is a personal anecdote about how SPME has promoted relevant scholarship.

In August 2006, in the wake of the Lebanon war, I was preparing for an outcry on the Columbia campus at the start of the fall semester. As Columbia SPME chapter coordinator, I asked my colleagues for ideas, and one suggested that I get Yuval Neria to speak at an SPME chapter meeting. Dr. Neria is a psychologist on the faculty of the Departments of Psychiatry and Epidemiology at Columbia. He is an Israeli who joined the IDF at age 18 and fought in the Yom Kippur War and the 1982 Lebanon war. He was injured in the Yom Kippur War and was awarded the Medal of Valor, the highest Israeli military honor. He is also a co-founder of Peace Now. His research focuses on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and, more generally, the effects of exposure to traumatic events on mental health, especially among war veterans and survivors of disasters and terrorism.

He had actually been in Israel during the recent Lebanon war. It was clear when he spoke that he was not hardened by his experiences but fully aware of the horrors of war and yet realistic about the need to fight.

In early 2008, Daniel Greenberg of the Israeli Consulate in New York asked if I could arrange for two professors from Sapir College, Uri Bibi and Ruth Eitan to speak at Columbia. Because they were presenting their research findings, I thought they should have departmental sponsorship rather than SPME sponsorship. I therefore asked Dr. Neria if he could arrange for them to speak at Columbia with the Department of Psychiatry as the sponsor, and he did.

The two professors had done a study of attitudes in Israel about what the people in Sderot and vicinity were going through. The survey revealed the well-known snobbishness of Ashkenazim and Tel Aviv people toward the people of southern Israel. The professors talked about the demographics of Sderot and Sapir, where relatively recent immigrants have been settled by the Israeli government. The people there never bought into the myth of the heroic sabra with a hoe in one hand and a rifle in the other. All they wanted was to live nice normal lives. The professors also presented some demographic background on Sapir College, where many of the students are the first in their family to go to college. The professors showed a short film depicting life at Sapir and the way college life went on with daily interruptions due to the bombardment. It was impressive. The professors said that a lot of people had moved out of Sderot and vicinity because of the missiles, but that the students were not dropping out or transferring. After the presentations, Drs. Neria and Eitan discussed doing some studies of PTSD together. A week or so after the presentations, a student was killed by a Qassam in the parking lot of Sapir. I spoke to Yuval, who told me Dr. Eitan had been in the parking lot a few feet away from the student when it happened.

As a result of contacts he made through Drs. Eitan and Bibi, he collaborated with another professor at Sapir College, Avi Besser. They have produced two publications: PTSD symptoms, satisfaction with life, and prejudicial attitudes toward the adversary among Israeli civilians exposed to ongoing missile attacks, published in the August 2009 issue of the Journal of Traumatic Stress, and, with Columbia colleague Maggie Haynes, Adult Attachment, perceived stress, and PTSD among civilians exposed to ongoing terrorist attacks in Southern Israel, published in the September 2009 issue of Personality and Individual Differences. Both articles are based on surveys conducted among residents of the Sderot area, which has been exposed to missile attacks from Gaza for years, and residents of the Eilat area, who have not had that exposure. Both studies found strong associations between exposure to missile attacks and debilitating effects on mental health. These findings are important in themselves because they document the effects of Palestinian aggression, which are too readily dismissed because “only” 20 people have been killed by missiles from Gaza. They are also important to SPME because they result from connections to which SPME contributed.

Judith Jacobson: SPME– Promoting Scholarship: Personal Reflections

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Judith S. Jacobson

Universities have never been perfect, but they were not always the way they have become in the past decade or so. I graduated from Brown in 1964. In my day, old-fashioned anti-Semitism was not quite dead. After World War II, Brown and other ivies had increased their admissions of Jewish students. There was still some discrimination about financial aid, which Jews were thought not to need, but in the classroom, we had a kind of freedom and openness that is rare now. And for a while, things got better.In the 1960s because of the Civil Rights movement and the Vietnam War, faculty and students brought advocacy into the classroom. We believed that professors should express their opinions instead of hiding behind a façade of objectivity. We believed, and I still believe, that honest and open exchange facilitates the pursuit of truth. Students as well as professors had freedom of speech, and all ideas were up for grabs. It seemed like a good thing. But it was hijacked by people with a different agenda.My friends and I were civil rights activists, and then anti-Vietnam war activists. We thought every leftward leaning person wore a halo. Some of us still think that. But in early June 1967, my friends and I were all worried about Israel; a bunch of young men I knew were ready to head over to Israel to help, and then, before they could get on a flight, the Six-day War was over.Wonderful, I thought. Now I can relax, right? Wrong. Within days, it seemed, the left had turned against Israel. The Israelis were doing terrible things in Ramallah, my friends told me.I concentrated on the Vietnam War until my buddies on the left started supporting North Vietnam. Wanting the United States to get out of Vietnam seemed to me very different from encouraging people to kill American soldiers.So then I concentrated on the Women’s Movement, but luckily, before that got too weird I got married and started having babies. And then the babies grew, and I went to graduate school in public health at Columbia. In 1996, a few weeks before my younger son graduated from college I got my doctorate and joined the Columbia faculty in the Mailman School of Public Health.But in the 1970s, before I was on the faculty and while I wasn’t paying attention, the brilliant and charismatic Edward Said came to Columbia. His special mission was to use the tools of liberal education to undermine western civilization. From his base in English and Comparative Literature at Columbia, he dispensed what is now called postcolonialism to a generation of academics and students in the humanities and social sciences. He was full of charisma and Euro-Palestinian radical chic, and he argued that being an American of European descent makes one incapable of understanding the terrible suffering and oppression experienced by the Third World, especially Palestinians. He also said, famously, “Facts don’t count; only emotions count.”Thereafter, postcolonialism and the demonization of Israel and the United States spread through university departments of literature, history, anthropology, and the social sciences, with disastrous consequences for the pursuit of truth.Those of us who love Israel tend to take its bashing personally. We either fall into soul searching, asking ourselves if we really did those bad things in a fit of absent-mindedness, or we start sputtering defensive denials - no, we are not an apartheid state, no, we don’t do genocide. Neither response does any good or addresses the real problem.Israel, however much we love or hate her, is one small country. The time that professors spend on Israel-bashing is time not spent on the actual politics, cultures, economics, geography of the vast and complex Middle East. It is time not spent on honor killings or slavery; on the differences between Iran and Iraq, or the cultures of the Kurds, the Copts, and the Assyrians. It is also time not spent on Dante or the deforestation of the Amazon or the role of the geisha in Japanese business. However, postcolonialism and Israel-bashing have had relatively little impact on the medical schools, the public health schools, most of the other professional schools, and the hard sciences.So in the spring of 2002, I was studying the use of complementary and alternative medicine by cancer patients when a friend who had college-age children asked me to join an on-line listserv called Professors for Peace. When I asked why, he replied, So you can respond to the lies about Israel. Within minutes of subscribing, I was being deluged by poisonous anti-Israel nonsense emailed by my fellow academics.Over the next few weeks, a few of the lies were so preposterous that I lost control and let out a little squeak of outrage on the internet. For example, someone quoted a Columbia professor, Gayatri Spivak, about the beauty of suicide bombing. I could not help responding that that was not my idea of beauty. But I kept wondering, Where are all the other Columbia professors who know the truth about Israel? Why aren’t they on the job here?After a month or so, someone named Ed Beck from Harrisburg PA emailed me off the listserv and suggested that we start our own listserv. I asked, Wouldn’t we be preaching to the choir? He said, If we are going to have no impact, preaching to the choir will be more fun than being preached to by the devil. That was the beginning of Scholars for Peace in the Middle East.Since then, SPME has grown from an email list of some 300 academics to a global organization reaching more than 30,000. Our growth has made it possible to respond to some of the lies disseminated by Israel’s enemies. We have worked both behind the scenes and in public to preserve the integrity of academic institutions.We have been misrepresented as an organization of knee-jerk right-wing Palestinian-oppressing Zionists who seek to suppress the free speech of anyone who implies that Israel is not perfect. We concede that Israel is imperfect, but we do not believe it is so much less perfect than, say, India or Italy that it does not have a right to exist. No serious efforts are being made to promote boycotts of or divestment from other countries, however much they violate human rights.It is important to remember that although much of the Middle East is undeveloped, it is not poor. Even the Palestinians, or at least their leaders, are not poor. If you are not really trying to provide services for your population, and you are getting handouts from the European governments, you can put together enough cash even after your suicide bomber expenses to fund several professorial chairs, as well as to send to American universities a number of students whom you have trained in the fine art of propaganda.The sources of funding for the Edward Said chair at Columbia, now occupied by Rashid Khalidi, include, in addition to the United Arab Emirates, a number of sources close to the Palestinian Authority. Khalidi’s Middle East Institute has also received funding from the Saudis. (Of course, as Martin Kramer points out, people without a specific interest are unlikely to fund Middle East studies.)The source of the problem on campus is:1. A systematic and well-financed effort to use educational institutions to undermine public support for Israel and, to the extent possible, the United States2. A widespread bias among academics in the humanities and social sciences against anything the US government or Israel is associated with; all such causes are termed right-wing and are therefore anathema3. Even among academics and students who support Israel and are aware of the problem of anti-Semitism on the campuses, a kind of cognitive dissonance, a refusal to see that the left does not have a halo (neither does the right, but it is not useful in this context to classify things as left or right), and a tendency to deny or minimize the problem.However, little by little, we have helped to make faculty aware that the enemies of Israel are also the enemies of academic freedom. With support from those faculty, we hope to preserve the integrity of our academic institutions. That is our mission.

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