Alan Dershowitz, Harvard University– First Word: What is “Human Rights Watching?”

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When it comes to Israel and its enemies, Human Rights Watch cooks the books
about facts, cheats on interviews, and puts out predetermined conclusions that
are driven more by their ideology than by evidence. These are serious
accusations, and they are demonstrably true.

Consider the following highly publicized “conclusion” reached by Human Rights
Watch about the recent war in Lebanon between Hizbullah and Israel:

“Human Rights Watch found no cases in which Hizbullah deliberately used
civilians as shields to protect them from retaliatory IDF attack.”

No cases!

Anyone who watched even a smattering of TV during the war saw with their own
eyes direct evidence of rockets being launched from civilian areas. But not
Human Rights Watch. How could an organization, which claims to be objective,
have been so demonstrably wrong about so central a point in so important a war?
Could it have been an honest mistake? I don’t think so.

Despite its boast that “Human Rights Watch has interviewed victims and
witnesses of attacks in one-on-one settings, conducted on-site inspections …
and collected information from hospitals, humanitarian groups, and government
agencies,” it didn’t find one instance in which Hizbullah failed to segregate
its fighters from civilians.

Nor apparently did HRW even ask the Israelis for proof of its claim that
Hizbullah rockets were being fired from behind civilians, and that Hizbullah
fighters were hiding among civilians.
Its investigators interviewed Arab “eyewitnesses” and monitored “information
from public sources including the Israeli government statements.”
Human Rights Watch ignored credible news sources, such as The New York Times
and The New Yorker.
“Hizbullah came to Ain Ebel to shoot its rockets,” said Fayad Hanna Amar, a
young Christian man, referring to his village. “They are shooting from between
our houses.”

…Mr. Amar said Hizbullah fighters in groups of two and three had come into Ain
Ebel, less than a mile from Bint Jbail, where most of the fighting has
occurred. They were using it as a base to shoot rockets, he said, and the
Israelis fired back.

– Sabrina Tavernise, “Christians Fleeing Lebanon Denounce Hizbullah,” The New
York Times, July 28, 2006.

Near the hospital, a mosque lay in ruins….

A man approached and told me that he was a teacher at the Hariri school. I
asked him why he thought the Israelis had hit a mosque, and he said, simply,
“It was a Hizbullah mosque.” …

A younger man came up to me and, when we were out of earshot of others, said
that Hizbullah had kept bombs in the basement of the mosque, but that two days
earlier a truck had taken the cache away.

– Jon Lee Anderson, “The Battle for Lebanon,” The New Yorker, August 8, 2006.

Even if the location of UN posts were known to Israeli commanders, that doesn’t
rule out the possibility that Hizbullah fighters used one as a shield from
which to unleash fire. They’ve done so in the past, says Maj.-Gen. Lewis
MacKenzie (ret’d.), who witnessed the technique while on peacekeeping
assignments in the area. “It’s the same as if you set up your weapons systems
beside a mosque or a church or a hospital.”

– Carlie Gillis, “Diplomacy Under Fire,” MacLean’s, August 7, 2006.

The surgeon led a group of journalists over what remained: mangled debris,
shredded walls and a roof punched through by an Israeli shell.

“Look what they did to this place,” Dr. Fatah said, shaking his head. “Why in
the world would the Israelis target a hospital?”

The probable answer was found a few hours later in a field nearby. Hidden in
the tall grass were the burned remnants of a rocket-launcher.

Confronted with the evidence, Dr. Fatah admitted his hospital could have been
used as a site from which to fire rockets into Israel.

– Sonia Verma, “Hizbullah’s Deadly Hold on Heartland,” National Post, August 5,

[Samira] Abbas said, she heard from relatives that her house in Bint Jbeil had
been destroyed. She said Hizbullah fighters had gathered in citrus groves about
500 yards from her home.

– Mohamad Bazzi, “Mideast Crisis – Farewell to a Soldier; Reporting from
Lebanon; Running Out of Places to Run,” Newsday, July 28, 2006

“What that means is, in plain English, ‘We’ve got Hizbullah fighters running
around in our positions, taking our positions here and then using us for
shields and then engaging the (Israeli Defense Forces),'” said [Lewis]
MacKenzie, who led Canadian peacekeepers in Bosnia.

– Steven Edwards, “UN contradicts itself over Israeli attack,” CanWest News
Service, July 27, 2006.

It was also reported that Hizbullah fired from the vicinity of five UN
positions at Alma Ash Shab, At Tiri, Bayt Yahoun, Brashit, and Tibnin.

– United Nations interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), Naqoura, July 28, 2006
(Press Release).

While these pictures have escaped the ravaged country, other images and footage
taken by local newspaper and television teams are routinely
seized by armed Hizbullah fighters at road blocks.

In one image a group of fighters, including youths, are preparing to fire an
anti-aircraft gun just metres from an apartment block with laundry sheets
drying on a balcony.

Others show a Hizbullah fighter armed with a nickel-plated AK47 rifle guarding
no-go zones after Israeli blitzes.

Another depicts the remnants of a Hizbullah Katyusha rocket in the middle of a
residential block, blown up in an Israeli air attack.

The Melbourne man who smuggled the shots out of Beirut told yesterday how he
was less than 400m from the block when it was obliterated.

“Hizbullah came in to launch their rockets, then within minutes the area was
blasted by Israeli jets,” he said.

“Until the Hizbullah fighters arrived, it had not been touched by the Israelis.
Then it was devastated.

“After the attacks they didn’t even allow the ambulances or the Lebanese Army
to come in until they had cleaned the area, removing their rockets and hiding
other evidence…

The fighters used trucks, driven into residential areas, as launch pads for the
rockets, he said.

Another image shows a line of decimated trucks sitting behind a 5m crater. The
tourist who smuggled the images back to Melbourne said the trucks had been
carrying rockets.

The release of the images comes as Hizbullah fighters face increasing censure
for using innocent civilians as “human shields.”

– Chris Tinkler, “Revealed: How Hizbullah puts the innocent at risk; They don’t
care,” Sunday Mail (Australia), July 30, 2006.

HOW COULD Human Rights Watch have ignored – or more likely suppressed – this
evidence from so many different sources? The only reasonable explanation is
that they wanted there to be no evidence of Hizbullah’s tactic of hiding behind
civilians. So they cooked the books to make it come out that way.

Even after the fighting ended and all the reports of Hizbullah hiding among
civilians were published, HRW chief Kenneth Roth essentially repeated the
demonstrably false conclusions that “in none of those cases was Hizbullah
anywhere around at the time of the attack.” So committed is Human Rights Watch
to its predetermined conclusions that it refused to let the facts, as reported
by objective sources, get in its way.

Many former supporters of Human Rights Watch have become alienated from the
organization, because of, in the words of one early supporter, “their obsessive
focus on Israel.”

Within the last month, virtually every component of the organized Jewish
community, from secular to religious, liberal to conservative, has condemned
Human Rights Watch for its bias. Roth and his organization’s willful blindness
when it comes to Israel and its enemies have completely undermined the
credibility of a once important human rights organization. Human Rights Watch
no longer deserves the support of real human rights advocates. Nor should its
so-called reporting be credited by objective news organizations.

Alan Dershowitz, Harvard University– First Word: What is “Human Rights Watching?”

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